The political method of the International Socialist Organisation

6. Th first sttmnt f this nw scil lyr ws in th scnd ditin f J. Stlin, Fundtins f Lninism <http://www.marx2mao.org/Stalin/FL24.html>, 1924. This ws rvisin f th first ditin f th sm yr, which hd rptd th Blshvik rthdxy tht th victry f scilism in th USSR dpndd upn rvlutin in th dvncd cuntris. Frnnd Cludin, p cit, p 71-72. Fr dzns f xmpls f Blshvik rthdxy s Rbrt Blck, Stlinism in Britin, Nw Prk, Lndn, 1970. S ls Lninism undr Lnin by Mrcl Libmn, Jnthn Cp, Lndn, 1975, pp 360-61.

7. Th histricl cntxt f th Svit Unin frm 1923 n ws n f isltin s th pst-wr rvlutinry wv hd pssd. Th tnttiv Svit rpublics f Hungry nd ustri hd bn dftd, nd 1923 cnfirmd th filur f rvlutin in Grmny. Th nd t dfnd th rmining citdl in th Svit Unin culd hrdly b dnid. Th dft f th British 1926 Gnrl Strik nd th Chins rvlutins f th lt 1920s cnfirmd th pssimism but th imminnt xtnsin f th rvlutin.

8. F. Cludin, p cit, p 387 "th thry f scilism in n cuntry cn b sttd s th subrdintin f rvlutinry ctin in ny prt f th wrld t th intrsts f th Svit stt".

9. Th ppulr frnt ws tctic pursud by Cmmunist prtis frm 1934, ftr th victry f fscism in Grmny. It ws diffrnt t th unitd frnt, which ws n llinc f wrking-clss prtis rund limitd wrking clss dmnds. Th ppulr frnt ws n ttmpt t unit with sctins f th burgisi wh ppsd fscism n purly librl pltfrm. Wrking-clss dmnds wr subrdintd t chiving this llinc. Th Cmintrn hd sn th indpndnc f th Cmmunist prtis in rltin t th burgisi nd "thir cmplt frdm f ctin" s "th mst imprtnt histricl chivmnt f th prltrit". S Thss, Rslutins nd Mnifsts p cit, p 396.

10. Cludin p cit, p 117-124; ls Victr Srg, Frm Lnin t Stlin, Mnd, Nw Yrk, 1937, p 52. S Tm 'Lincln Int th Minstrm, Stind Wttl Prss, NSW, 1985 p 36.

11. Rprducd s In Dfnc f Mrxism <http://www.marxists.org/archive/trotsky/works/1942-dm/index.htm>, Ln Trtsky, Nw Prk, Lndn, 1966. ndrw Milnr rgus tht th "dgnrtd wrkrs' stt" frmultin is bsd n th trnsitry, unstbl ntur f th Svit systm, which h climd prvd t b prptul. Th Rd t St Kild Pir, Wstgt, NSW, Stind Wttl Prss, 1984, p 86.

12. Th trm "imprssinism" rfrs t pliticl mthd tht mks judgmnts n th surfc pprnc f vnts rthr thn xmining th scil nd cnmic fundtins nd histry f th thing studid. nn-IS xmpl, th cnclusin tht Stlin nd Hitlr wr ssntilly th sm bcus bth thir cuntris dptd ttlitrin prctics, ignrs cmpltly th diffrnt clss rltinships nd rcnt histry f bth cuntris.

 

rigins f th Intrntinl Scilists


Th Intrntinl Scilists, stblishd rund 1972, hv hld th psitin f stt cpitlism n th Svit Unin sinc t lst 1974.1 <http://members.optushome.com.au/spainter/Gaffney.html> lthugh th "burucrtic cllctivist" dsigntin ws still usd s lt s 1976,2 <http://members.optushome.com.au/spainter/Gaffney.html> th thry dptd by th IS ws tht f Tny Cliff f th British SWP in his bk Stt Cpitlism in Russi.

Th stt cpitlist psitin f th ustrlin IS n th frmr Svit stts, nd th cnnctin with its mntr, th British SWP, hs rmind unchngd sinc tht tim. It is wht immditly idntifis th IS s sprt rgnistin n th fr lft, nd wht histriclly hs sprtd th stt cpitlist prtis frm th Furth Intrntinl3 <http://members.optushome.com.au/spainter/Gaffney.html> prtis thrughut th wrld, which cntinud t rgu tht th Svit Unin rmind dgnrtd wrkrs stt.4 <http://members.optushome.com.au/spainter/Gaffney.html>

Th dbt btwn ths tw frmultins hs cntinud until this dy.5 <http://members.optushome.com.au/spainter/Gaffney.html> Th Intrntinl Scilists, s thy bcm knwn frm 1977, hv nvr wvrd frm r chngd thir stt cpitlist viwpint nd thy bliv th vnts in strn urp hv cnfirmd thir nlysis cmpltly. Thy hv lft th thrticl dfnc f th thry t thir British cuntrprts, but it hs rmind th fundmntl thrd in thir nlysis, which is pplid qully t th USSR, Chin, th pst-wr st urpn stts nd Cub, nd by July 1989 Burm, lgri nd Irq.6 <http://members.optushome.com.au/spainter/Gaffney.html>

 

Th stt cpitlist thry


Prir t th crisis in th burucrtic rgims, th vlidity f th stt cpitlist thry ws nt tstd by vnts. It hd undnibl prpgnd dvntgs fr th IS. It llwd it t rgu fr scilism withut mbrcing Svit-styl rgims s scilist, withut th xplntry prblms th Furth Intrntinl hd in dsignting rgims s "dgnrtd wrkrs' stts" whn thy wr cnspicuus by thir bsnc f wrkrs' pwr, but which th FI still qulifid s "wrkrs" stts, hwvr dgnrt. n dditinl prpgnd dvntg llwd th IS t prtry bth th Wstrn cpitlist clss, nd th burucrcis, s unitd ginst "scilism frm blw" which, tking its cu frm Mrx's bsrvtin tht th librtin f th wrking clss must b chivd by th wrkrs thmslvs, lks slly t th slf-ctivity f th wrking-clss. This "scilism frm blw" hd t fit int stt cpitlist frmwrk whr strn urp ws cncrnd.

In ssssing th IS, w must thrfr dl with th plicis f stt cpitlism. Is stt cpitlism Mrxist rspns t th dvlpmnts in strn urp? Ds it crrctly idntify th principl cntrdictins in th burucrtic stt? But mr t th pint, wht r th pliticl rsults f this nlysis nd wht ds it tll us but th pliticl mthdlgy f th IS?

Quit prt frm th bvius bsnc f wrking-clss cntrl f industry, grwing inqulitis, nd th xclusin f th wrding clss frm pliticl pwr, th IS hd slid grunds in Mrxism fr dnying th lbl scilist t th Svit-styl stts.7 <http://members.optushome.com.au/spainter/Gaffney.html>

Rthr thn rpt th dtild dbt btwn th British SWP thrticins nd rnst Mndl f th Furth Intrntinl, w cn ps quris but th stt cpitlist psitin bsd n Mrx's brif summry f histricl mtrilism in his Prfc t th Critiqu f Pliticl cnmy.8 <http://members.optushome.com.au/spainter/Gaffney.html>

Th IS hs rgud cnsistntly tht th burucrcy bsd n th Svit prty nd th stt cm t pwr with th victry f Stlin ftr Lnin's dth in 1924, nd ginst which Lnin himslf hd bgun t fight in cllbrtin with Trtsky.9 <http://members.optushome.com.au/spainter/Gaffney.html> This burucrcy bgn s brkr btwn th rivl clsss in Russi nd th utsid imprilist pwrs nd thn grdully bgn t rul in its wn intrsts with its wn thry, Stlin's thry f scilism in n cuntry. Th burucrcy bcm, by th lt 1920s, nw stt cpitlist ruling clss living ff th surplus vlu prducd by th Svit wrking clss.10 <http://members.optushome.com.au/spainter/Gaffney.html>

ccrding t th Prfc, it is ncssry if nw clss is t stblish nw prductiv rltinships tht dmint scity, fr thr t b, in Mrx's wrds, "n pch f scil rvlutin". Whr nd whn in Russi did such rvlutin ccur tht put "nw" clss in pwr? W r lft t supps tht it hppnd grdully. It ws strng cpitlist clss indd tht, in its first fiv-yr pln, ttckd privt prprty in lnd, nd cllctivisd gricultur. Wht did ccur ws th sprtin f th Svit stt nd th Cmmunist Prty frm th wrking clss tht hd md th rvlutin in 1917.11 <http://members.optushome.com.au/spainter/Gaffney.html> W cn trc th burucrtistin f th Svit rgim t th stt lvl, but nt tht this did nt rquir th dstructin f th cllctiv ntinlistins, mst f which tk plc s rly s 1918 nd 1919.12 <http://members.optushome.com.au/spainter/Gaffney.html> It ws thrfr pliticl, but nt scil r cnmic cuntr-rvlutin.

Mr surprisingly th IS sms nvr t hv bn bl t tll us xctly whn this cuntr-rvlutin tk plc. W r lft with rfrncs t th lt 1920s, lthugh mstly it is qutd with th triumph f th Stlinist fctin f th Cmmunist Prty withut spcifying ny prticulr tim. This lck f prcisin, in wht is criticl t thir cs histriclly, lvs pn th suggstin tht th nw stt cpitlist clss chivd pwr, nt in rvlutinry wy, but grdully vr prid f yrs. This pns up th pssibility f th pcful, r grdul, trnsitin frm n clss scity t nthr, which ntirly cntrdicts Mrxist ids nd wuld n dubt b rjctd by th IS.13 <http://members.optushome.com.au/spainter/Gaffney.html>

t first sight ll th usul lmnts f cpitlism pprd t b missing in th Svit Unin, nmly cpitl,14 <http://members.optushome.com.au/spainter/Gaffney.html> cpitlists15 <http://members.optushome.com.au/spainter/Gaffney.html> nd cmmditis.16 <http://members.optushome.com.au/spainter/Gaffney.html>

Instd f th mrkt llcting cpitl n th bsis f prfitbility, th burucrtic pln impss cmmnd cnmy, with its quts nd nrms, in which th wrking clss hs n sy. This is nt scilism, but it is ls nt cpitlism; nr wr th lck f prfits, nd th ftn grssly vr-mnnd fctris nd ntrpriss, tmprry r rcnt, which wr ndmic t burucrtic mismngmnt vr dcds.17 <http://members.optushome.com.au/spainter/Gaffney.html>

n wuld ls xpct tht if th Svit burucrcy wr cpitlist clss, thn, in lin with vry thr pwrful cpitlist clss, it wuld ct n th intrntinl rn t xtrct prfit frm vrss invstmnts, xpliting Third Wrld lbur, tc. But, n th cntrry, th Svit cnmic links with its "clnis" cnsistd f Svit subsidis fr flgging strn urpn cnmis. Th pliticl cnsqunc f th withdrwl f Svit id t Cub (nd Vitnm nd Mngli), shws clrly in which dirctin th funds wr flwing, s Cub's cnmy hs bn in cut crisis vr sinc.18 <http://members.optushome.com.au/spainter/Gaffney.html>

Th stt mnply f frign trd, plus th smll prt frign trd hs plyd in th Svit cnmy in th pst, hs mnt tht mrkt frcs hv bn dnid n bvius pint f ntry int th Russin cnmy.

With ll ths fctrs rguing ginst th stt cpitlist psitin, th IS hs nly n cnsistnt xplntin fr why Russi is cpitlist cuntry, which hs pprd in mny issus f th IS ppr, frmrly Th Bttlr, nw Th Scilist. ftr using vry rgubl intrprttin f Frdrick ngls, cncrning Bismrck, Rbrt Bllrd in 1992 rgud: "Wht is imprtnt is wh cntrls prductin nd t wht nds. In Russi vst burucrtic lyr hs cntrlld ths mns sinc it dcisivly ntrnchd itslf in pwr during Stlin's first Fiv Yr Pln. It usd tht cntrl t build up th Svit cnmy t th xpns f th mss f th ppultin-th wrkrs nd psnts-nd gind wlth nd privilg t itslf. It cmptd n th wrld stg, ttmpting t mtch th US militry- cmptitin which indirctly brught th prssur f th wrld mrkt int th utrchic Russin cnmy. This surly is cpitlism."19 <http://members.optushome.com.au/spainter/Gaffney.html>

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